Research Projects

Biennial Report on Transportation Technology in Aviation In Reserve

The objective of this quick response project is to prepare a periodic (biennial) transformative technology report to the aviation industry. This report would itemize those new technologies developed and implemented in the aviation industry over a two-year period between biennial reports; assess the impact of those technologies on airport and airline operations; then develop suggested course of actions that airports and airlines can use to prepare for the deployment and/or implementation of the technology. This could

Background (Describe the current situation or problem in the industry, and how your idea would address it.)

When examining current technology trends in aviation, there are many innovative initiatives underway related to improving aviation through technology. In January 2018, Future Travel Experience (FTE) identified these 10 new and emerging technologies as having the potential to improve customer service and enhance operational efficiency on the ground and in-flight. FTE highlighted these technologies as playing the most important role in reshaping the air transport industry in 2018.
• Biometrics
• Blockchain
• Flightchain
• Artificial Intelligence
• Robotics
• Baggage automation
• Translation technology
• Augmented reality
• Internet of Things (IoT)
• Cybersecurity
(http://www.futuretravelexperience.com/2018/01/10-technology-trends-airlines-airports-2018/ ) However, every year, and maybe even more often, there is a new set of technologies that create challenges for airports and airlines to move quick enough to evaluate if they would be beneficial to them and, if so, implement and deploy them. Sometimes new or upgraded technology is released before airports have had time to deploy existing technology.

Others such as Luxaviation have identified additional technologies in June 2018 such as:
• Cloud data for more fluid sales and bookings, better traffic control and increased efficiency in operations
• Enhanced security over the network
• Biometrics for better identify management
• Technology that empowers the customer
as having the ability to stabilize and disrupt the industry. (https://xtoday.news/en/2018/03/6-technology-trends-revolutionising-the-aviation-industry/ ) And Aviation Today stating that Artificial intelligence (AI) is invading the skies. A SITA report claims half of airlines surveyed will invest in AI and cognitive computing in the next three years for predictive aircraft maintenance and use drones for aircraft inspections. (http://www.aviationtoday.com/2018/01/01/digital-twins-ai-mobile-apps-drones-4-tech-developments-set-hit-commercial-aviation-2018/ )

In 2017, International Airport Review stated that the top 6 technologies that would revolutionize aviation were blockchain technology for identity management, tokenising frequent flyer programs, item custody-change tracking, tokenising e-tickets; drones and on demand urban air transport; augmented reality; artificial intelligence and consolidated chatbot engines at airports; airline new distribution capability; and indoor positioning systems and beacon technology.
(https://www.internationalairportreview.com/article/26374/technology-revolutionise-aviation-2017/ )

Other technology in aviation research is currently being conducted by NASA, including the Transformative Aeronautics Concepts Program (TACP). NASA is doing quite a bit of research on "transformative technologies" (https://www.nasa.gov/aeroresearch/programs/tacp). One of two projects in that program today include the Transformative Tools and Technologies (TTT) Project (https://www.nasa.gov/aeroresearch/programs/tacp/ttt), which is a project that is developing state-of-the-art computational and experimental tools and technologies that are vital to the NASA Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate's ability to advance the prediction of future aircraft performance in flight, such as first-of-a-kind tools that isolate the complex turbulent airflow around vehicles and within propulsion systems. The second project is the Convergent Aeronautics Solutions (CAS) Project (https://www.nasa.gov/aeroresearch/programs/tacp/cas), which is a project that conducts short-duration research activities to establish early-stage concepts and the feasibility of technology with high potential to solve key barriers associated with large-scale aeronautics problems.

Approach (Describe in general terms the steps you think are needed to achieve the objective.)

Identify current and about to released
technological trends in aviation
.
2.
Review research and data available to describe, summarize and assess those technological trends on airport and
airline operations
.
3.
Develop recommendations for how airports and airlines can pre
pare for the deployment and/or implementation of
those technologies
.
4.
Author final
report.

Cost Estimate and Backup (Provide a cost estimate and support for how you arrived at the estimate.)

This project would involve
a 6-
to 9-
month research program, with the estimated level of funding being $100,000. This
funding would primarily
be used to fund one or two
researchers to gather and analyze the data
. The funds would be
used to conduct an
in-depth literature review, develop recommendations, and author a final report.

Related Research - List related ACRP and other industry research; describe gaps (see link to Research Roadmaps above), and describe how your idea would address these gaps. This is a critical element of a synthesis topic submission.

ACRP Report 59: Information Technology Systems at Airports
--A Primer
, January 16, 2012.
(
http://www.trb.org/main/blurbs/166592.aspx
)
2.
ACRP Web
-Only Document 1: Analysis and Recommendations for Developing Integrated Airport Information
Systems, April 29, 2009. (
http://www.trb.org/main/blurbs/161614.aspx
)
3.
ACRP Report 13: Integrating Airport Information Systems
, April 29, 2009.
(
http://www.trb.org/main/blurbs/161613.aspx
)
4.
ACRP Report 70: Guidebook for Implementing Intelligent Transportation Systems Elements to Improve Airport
Traveler Access Information
, August 17, 2012. (
http://www.trb.org/main/blurbs/167644.aspx
)
5.
ACRP Synthesis 59: Integrating Airport Geographic Information System (GIS) Data with Public Agency GIS
,
September 24, 2014. (
http://www.trb.org/main/blurbs/171387.aspx
)
6.
ACRP Report 140: Guidebook on Best Practices for Airport Cybersecurity
, July 9, 2015.
(
http://www.trb.org/main/blurbs/172854.aspx
)
7.
ACRP Synthesis 28: Investigating Safety Im
pacts of Energy Technologies on Airports and Aviation, October 15,
2011. (
http://www.trb.org/main/blurbs/166099.aspx
)
8.
ACRP
Report 128: Alternative IT Delivery Methods and Best Practices for Small
Airports
, 2015.
(
http://www.trb.org/Publications/Blurbs/172180.aspx
)
9.
ACRP Project 03
-42 Airports and UAS: Interim Report
Managing Unmanned Aircraft Systems in the Vicinity of
Airports
, 01/
19/2018,
http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/docs/ACRP03-
42_TopicAreaA_GuidanceDocument.pdf

Annotations
Idea No. 116