Synthesis Topics

Benchmarking energy, water, waste, and greenhouse gas emissions for operational improvements

The objective of this research is to create a database of performance benchmarks for airport facilities. Airport staff need a better understanding of key operational metrics associated with building performance in order to improve efficiency, decrease operating costs, and reduce environmental impacts. A standard system which normalizes for weather, location, carbon intensity of utility supplied energy, and airport specific use characteristics needs to be developed for the use of all airports. This benchmarking system would provide a means for airports to evaluate the performance of existing facilities and assets, compare the benchmark performance with similar airports and airport facilities, and plan and execute improvement projects to reduce the energy, water, waste, and GHG emissions associated with those facilities and assets. A benchmark system that is specifically designed for use at airports would enable better design and construction processes with more realistic performance targets for new construction projects.

Background (Describe the current situation or problem in the industry, and how your idea would address it.)

Various building rating systems exist for evaluating and reporting the energy, water, waste, and greenhouse gas performance indicators in buildings. However, none of the existing methods are appropriate for airport facilities and environments. The most widely accepted benchmark platform in the United States, ENERGY STAR's Portfolio Manager, currently compares the energy performance of an airport terminal to that of a bus or train station and does not include airport specific facilities such as cargo hangars, vehicle checkpoints, and air traffic control towers. The operation and performance of Airport facilities varies widely from building to building within a campus and Airports need a consistent, standardized methodology which for creating benchmark metrics on a per-square-foot and per-passenger basis. Once established, the database and standards can be shared and employed by airports of all sizes and geographies Only then, will staff at individual airports be able to accurately gauge the performance of their facilities with the performance of similar facilities at peer airports.

Objective (What is the desired product or result that will help the airport industry?)

The objective of this research is to create a database of performance benchmarks for airport facilities. Airport staff need a better understanding of key operational metrics associated with building performance in order to improve efficiency, decrease operating costs, and reduce environmental impacts. A standard system which normalizes for weather, location, carbon intensity of utility supplied energy, and airport specific use characteristics needs to be developed for the use of all airports. This benchmarking system would provide a means for airports to evaluate the performance of existing facilities and assets, compare the benchmark performance with similar airports and airport facilities, and plan and execute improvement projects to reduce the energy, water, waste, and GHG emissions associated with those facilities and assets. A benchmark system that is specifically designed for use at airports would enable better design and construction processes with more realistic performance targets for new construction projects.

Approach (Describe in general terms the steps you think are needed to achieve the objective.)

As many Airports embark upon Capital Programs and significant renovations, a need exists to develop a standard set
of performance targets for new construction that are specific to airport facilities, measurable, and achievable in a
variety of climates and geographic locations. Current benchmarki
ng systems and standards attempt to extrapolate
criteria for office buildings and bus or rail stations to airport facilities with limited success. Airport-
specific criteria
benchmarked against existing facilities needs to be developed to provide airport op
erators with realistic and
achievable performance targets in order for airports to improve efficiency, decrease operating costs, and reduce
environmental impacts. The performance targets should be normalized on a per
-square
-foot and per
-passenger basis
and reflect constraints such as carbon intensity of supplied utilities and airport specific use characteristics.
The objective of the research is to provide a standard set of benchmarks for energy, water, waste, carbon and GHG
emissions for several airport
-specific facility use-
types such as terminals, cargo hangars, vehicle checkpoints, air
traffic control towers, and aircraft maintenance, among others.
PROPOSED TASKS
Research (12 weeks):
1.
Identify federal, state and local environmental compliance standards in five areas: energy, water, waste, carbon
and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
2.
Identify upcoming (5
-10 year planning horizon) state and federal energy efficiency and environmental
legislation/regulations that will impact airports.
3.
Compile data from prior
research and studies.
Analysis and reporting (14 weeks):
1.
Identify and obtain commitment from 10
-12 airports in each category for inclusion of data in each benchmarking
category for aggregation and analysis
2.
Mine data from participating airports for energy
, water, waste consumption.
3.
Metering facilities for data where gaps exist.
4.
Create database of information from prior benchmark studies according to approved analysis protocol
5.
Analyze and normalize data to develop baselines and comparisons on a per
-square
-foot and per
-passenger basis.
DELIVERABLE:

  1. Research report.
  2. Database of airport benchmarks for energy, water, waste, carbon and GHG emissions.
  3. Update ACRP CD
    -ROM 178 benchmarking tool to include water usage, waste, carbon, and GHG emissions.
Related Research - List related ACRP and other industry research; describe gaps (see link to Research Roadmaps above), and describe how your idea would address these gaps. This is a critical element of a synthesis topic submission.

-
ACRP 09
-10 Methodology to Develop the Airport Terminal Building EUI (ATB
-EUI) Benchmarking Tool
-
ACRP CD
-ROM 178 Tool for Benchmarking and Profiling Airport Terminal Energy End Uses
-
NCFRP 27 Promoting Environmental Goals in Freight Transportation through Industry Benchmarking
-
ACRP 02
-13 A guide for Improving Environmental Performance at Small Airports
-
ACRP Synthesis 42 Integrating Environmental Sustainability into Airport Contracts
-
ACRP 11
-02/Task 32 Airport Environmental Res
earch Roadmap
-
ACRP Report 141 Renewable Energy as an Airport Revenue Source
-
ACRP Report 108 Guidebook for Energy Facilities Compatible with Airports and Airspace
-
ACRP Report 151 Developing a Business Case for Renewable Energy at Airports
-
ACRP Research Resu
lts Digest 2 Model for Improving Energy Use in U.S. Airport Facilities
-
ACRP Synthesis 21 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction
-
Berger, R., Presentation entitled "Energy and Carbon Benchmarks for North American Airports" Airport Energy
Management Fo
rum, ACI Operations and Technical Affairs Conference, April 17, 2012
-
El Choufani, Elie, Technical Symposium White Paper "Energy Reduction in Airports", Chartered Institution of
Building Services Engineers (CIBSE), December 2016.
-
Ahn, J. and Cho, S. "Ener
gy Performance Benchmark Model for Airport Terminal Buildings", North Carolina
State University, Raleigh, N.C., Proceedings of BS 2015: 14th Conference of International Building Performance
Simulation Association, Hyderabad, India, Dec. 7-
9, 2015.
-
Marshal
, Charles, Presentation entitled "Utility Management and Energy Benchmarking for Airports" for Cx
Energy 2014 Conference hosted by AABC Commissioning Group (ACG), April 24, 2014.
-
McNamee, K. and Sanderson, K. and Reynolds, J., "Define Energy and Green House Gas Intensity Benchmarks
for North American Airport Terminals", ACC/AAAE Young Professionals Competition, 2013.

Voting

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Topic Collection
Idea No. 82

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