Research Projects

Airport Surface Deviations

To further categorize Airport Surface Deviations causal factors in terms of airport design and operational characteristics.

Background (Describe the current situation or problem in the industry, and how your idea would address it.)

Airport Surface Deviations (ASDs), which include runway incursions and deviations in the movement area, but exclude runway excursions, are caused exclusively by human error. The major causal factor of ASDs are skill-based errors, regardless of the perpetrator (pilot, controller, or airport/vehicle operator). ASD contributing factors are often environmental, and environmental factors can critically affect the recovery and outcome of the primary error. The FAA categorized runway incursions by the severity of the outcome, from an accident to a full recovery from the error; however, the difference in the outcome of the same error may vary by the environmental conditions present. Interestingly, there is a difference in causal factors between general aviation operations and commercial operations and the source of the error. In the case of commercial operations are more likely to be the source of the error than are pilots. In the case of general aviation operations, pilots are more likely to be the source of the error than are controllers. This study will further investigate accident and incident reports for ASDs and determine if there are correlations between causal factors and airport characteristics as well as determining more details on the role of environmental conditions in contributing the cause of the event as well as the outcome.

Objective (What is the desired product or result that will help the airport industry?)

To further categorize Airport Surface Deviations causal factors in terms of airport design and operational characteristics.

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Idea No. 79