Research Projects

A framework for Airport Evacuation: Assessment of Landside Capacity Using Micro-Meso Simulation Model In Reserve

Safe and rapid evacuation of passengers from an airport to a vantage locations is critical in the aftermath of an emergency event, which includes acts of terrorism, fire, earthquakes, tornado outbreak, power outrage, or bomb threat. Based on the severity of the crisis situation it may not be enough to evacuate the passengers from the airport, but also to make a safe passage from the airport to their final or intermediate destination, which might include the passengers’ residence, train stations, bus terminals, remote parking locations, and hotels. Though researches have been done on passenger evacuation in an airport setting, but little researches has been done on the landside capacity of the airport, which includes the highway network, parking systems, mass transit access, and intersections/interchanges in the vicinity of the airport. In this proposed project a framework to model passengers’ evacuation in an airport terminal is developed. Research will model the flow of traffic not only within the airport but also predict the flow of traffic from the airport to their final or intermediate destinations.

Background (Describe the current situation or problem in the industry, and how your idea would address it.)

The need for this proposal comes from the recent unexpected tragic events happening in airports throughout the world, and the ordeals faced by the passengers because of inadequate planning and service provided by the concerned authority. It is also observed that this rapid evacuation process is not possible without the active involvement of the community, and stakeholders both during the planning and operational phase.

Objective (What is the desired product or result that will help the airport industry?)

The objective of this research is to help airport planners and operation managers improve airport evacuation design and strategy. It will also help Department of Transportation, Metropolitan Planning Organizations, and public transit organizations develop a better understanding of existing highway infrastructure and mass transit facilities serving the airport, and identify areas where improvements are required. In this project, it is proposed that existing transportation model, which might exist with MPOs, DOTs or any local planning organization should be consulted extensively and put into practice as required.

Approach (Describe in general terms the steps you think are needed to achieve the objective.)

The research objectives and deliverables can be broadly classified into 4 phases. In phase 1, which is the pre-planning phase, the community involvement initiatives are undertaken. In phase 2, the research scope and geographic extent of the project are initiated. In phase 3, the agent based simulation model is developed to understand the passenger dynamics during an emergency situation. In phase 4, capacity utilization of transportation infrastructure and facilities adjacent to the airport are studied and seamless integration of phase 3 in phase 4 is accomplished.

Cost Estimate and Backup (Provide a cost estimate and support for how you arrived at the estimate.)

A. Salary with Fringe for Principle Investigators $158,344.00
B. Students remuneration $78,670.00
C. Supplies $16,000.00
D. Travel Cost $8,000.00
E. IDC $154,000.00

 

Total - $415,014.00

Related Research - List related ACRP and other industry research; describe gaps (see link to Research Roadmaps above), and describe how your idea would address these gaps. This is a critical element of a synthesis topic submission.

Though researches have been done on passenger evacuation in an airport setting, but little researches has been done on the land-side capacity of the airport, which includes the highway network, parking systems, mass transit access, and intersections/interchanges in the vicinity of the airport.
Some of the related researches are :
Evaluation and Mitigation of Aircraft Slide Evacuation Injuries
Airport Passenger Terminal Planning and Design
Seattle-Tacoma International Airport Emergency Evacuation Plan
Wayfinding and Signing Guidelines for Airport Terminals and Landside

Annotations
Idea No. 267